A neurological evaluation is a clinical assessment of the nervous system aimed at detecting any abnormalities which may be related to a nervous system disease. An initial neurological assessment may be conducted by a primary care physician, such as an internal medicine doctor or family practitioner. But a complete and thorough assessment is generally conducted by a specialist in the area of neurological disorders, such as a neurologist or neurosurgeon, depending on the disorder. See www.nervous-system-diseases.com
A neurological evaluation may be requested when the pediatrician is concerned about specific neurological conditions, such as a seizure disorder, cerebral palsy, etc. The neurologist will gather a complete developmental history of your child’s development and medical history including prenatal and post-natal information. The neurologist will then complete a neurological evaluation that focuses on the nervous system, such as evaluating coordination and gait (walking), reflexes, cranial nerves, head and neck exam, sensory exam, and a behavior and cognitive exam. The neurologist may order diagnostic tests such as an MRI, CT scan, and an EEG (electroencephalogram) to confirm the suspected diagnosis. Finally, the neurologist may order specific interventions such as physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy.